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(Re)Thinking Yugoslav Internationalism

Graz, Austria
29 September – 1 October 2016


Meerscheinschlössl, außenUniversity of Graz
Meerscheinschlössl / Festsaal
Mozartgasse 3
8010 Graz

University of Graz Campus Map


For more than forty years, Yugoslavia was one of the most internationalist and outward looking of all socialist countries in Europe, playing leading roles in various trans-national initiatives – principally as central participant within the Non-Aligned Movement – that sought to remake existing geopolitical hierarchies and rethink international relations. Both moral and pragmatic motives often overlapped in its efforts to enhance cooperation between developing nations, propagate peaceful coexistence in a divided world and pioneer a specific non-orthodox form of socialism.


Although the disintegration of socialist Yugoslavia has received extensive treatment across a range of disciplines, the end of Yugoslavia’s global role and the impacts this had both at home and abroad, have received little attention. Coinciding with the 55th anniversary of the Belgrade summit and the foundation of the Non-Aligned Movement, this conference seeks to open up a range of questions relating to the wealth of diplomatic, economic, intellectual and cultural encounters and exchange between 1945 – 1990, both within the Non-Aligned Movement, across the socialist world and with the developed countries. It would map the history of Yugoslavia’s global engagements not only as a subject associated with political/diplomatic history, but also as a broader societal and cultural project. Important witnesses involved in those exchanges and alliances will also be invited to share their experiences.

This is a collaborative conference between 1989 after 1989 and the Centre for Southeast European Studies (CSEES) at the University of Graz.

Call for Papers (Closed)

Conference Poster


Conference Programme

Thursday, 29.09.2016

16.00-16.15        Welcome: Professor Florian Bieber, University of Graz

16.15-17.30        Keynote speech: Professor Kristen Ghodsee, Bowdoin

18.00                  Reception


Friday, 30.09.2016

9.30-10.00         Coffee and Registration

10.00-11.30       The Theory and Practice of Non-Alignment and Yugoslav Foreign Policy I

Chair: Rory Archer

  • Tvrtko Jakovina (University of Zagreb) – The Yugoslav Struggle for the Non-aligned in South-East Asia: Tito, Sukarno and the Big Three of the Non-aligned in 1960
  • Natasa Mišković (University of Basel) – One for all, all for one? Tito, Nehru, Nasser and their Approaches to Internationalism and Non-Alignment
  • Ljubica Spaskovska (University of Exeter) – Utopian Internationalists – Non-Aligned Internationalism Between ‘Europeanism’ and ‘Third Worldism’ and Its Legacies

11.30-11.45       Coffee break

11.45-13.15       The Theory and Practice of Non-Alignment and Yugoslav Foreign Policy II

Chair: Sara Bernard

  • Petar Dragišić (Institute for Recent History of Serbia) – Between Sabre-Rattling and Cooperation: Tito’s Neighbourhood Policy 1944-1980
  • Manfredi Mangano (IMT Lucca – LUISS ‘Guido Carli’ Rome) – Yugoslav Self-Management and Western Socialism: Left-Wing or Right-Wing Alternative?
  • Ciprian Nitu (West University of Timisoara) – ‘South by Southeast’: Tito’s Yugoslavia in the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE)

13.15-14.15      Lunch break

14.15-15.45      Revolutionaries into Global Actors: Elite Socialisation and Agency

Chair: Chiara Bonfiglioli

  • Vladimir Unkovski-Korica (University of Glasgow) – The Yugoslav Communists’ Diplomatic Revolution: Encountering Social Democracy
  • Carla Konta (University of Trieste) – Yugoslav Internationalist Legacy in the View of Senator Fulbright: From Experimentation to Mediation
  • Brenna Miller (Ohio State University) – The Role of Religion, Islam, and the Islamic Community in Yugoslavia’s International Relations Program

14.45-16.00       Coffee break

16.00-16:45       Feature documentary discussion – ‘The Labudović Files’, directed by Mila Turajlić

16:45-17:30      Keynote speech: Professor James Mark, University of Exeter

19:00                 Dinner


Saturday, 1.10.2016

9.00-9.30      Coffee

9.30-11.00    (Un)likely Allies – Race, Anti-Colonialism and Yugoslavia in Post-Colonial Africa

Chair: Anna Calori

  • Catherine Baker (University of Hull) – The Black Adriatic?: Historicising Yugoslav Internationalism and Global Racial Formations
  • Nemanja Radonjić (University of Belgrade) – Proving Grounds: Yugoslav Internationalism and the Anti-Colonial Struggle in Africa (1954- 1961)
  • Peter Wright (University of Illinois) – Anti-Colonial Cosmopolitanism: Race, Racism and the Politics of Decolonization in Socialist Yugoslavia
  • Radina Vučetić (University of Belgrade) – Tito’s Africa: Representations of Power on Tito’s Trips to Africa

11.00-11.15     Break

11.15-12.45     Witness panel: Budimir Lončar in conversation with Tvrtko Jakovina

12.45-13.45      Lunch

13.45-15.15      Economics, Self-Management and Visions of Non-Capitalist Development

Chair: Vladimir Unkovski – Korica

  • Sara Bernard (University of Glasgow) – The OECD and International Cooperation on Migration and Development: the Case of Socialist Yugoslavia
  • Anna Calori (University of Exeter) – Internationalism and the Bosnian workplace: the Case of Energoinvest
  • Andrej Marković (University of Zurich) – Showcasing Self-Management: Socialist Yugoslavia at International Fairs 1958-1967

15.15-15.30       Break

15.30-17.00       The United Nations, International Law, Gender and Development

Chair: Ljubica Spaskovska

  • Chiara Bonfiglioli (Juraj Dobrila University of Pula) – Women’s Internationalism between Yugoslavia and the Global South: Vida Tomšič’s Activism, from the Non-Aligned Movement to the United Nations
  • Sandra Prlenda (Central European University) – Yugoslav Foreign Policy in the Field of Gender Equality – Voicing Developing Nations’ Concerns in the United Nations Conferences
  • Arno Trultzsch (Leipzig Centre for the History and Culture of East Central Europe) – Ambassadors of Global Peace and Justice? Yugoslavia’s UN Initiatives and the Role of International Law

17.00-17.15         Break

17.15-18.45         Soft Power and Cultural Internationalism: Tourism, Architecture and Cultural Diplomacy

Chair: Armina Galijaš

  • Bojana Videkanić (University of Waterloo) – Non-Aligned Modernism: Yugoslavian Modernist Art, Cold War Cultural Diplomacy and Yugoslav Internationalization
  • Vladimir Kulić (Florida Atlantic University) –The Hospitality Complex: The Spaces of Yugoslavia’s Non-Aligned Internationalism
  • Mila Turajlić (CERI, SciencesPo) – The Cinematic Dimension of Yugoslavia’s Role in the Non-Aligned World

19:00                   Dinner

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