Call for Papers: International Conference: Beyond 1989: Childhood and Youth in Times of Political Transformation in the 20th Century

Call for Papers: Beyond 1989: Childhood and Youth in Times of Political Transformation in the 20th Century Institute of Advanced...

Revolution From Within: Experts, Managers and Technocrats in the Long Transformation of 1989

The programme for our collaborative conference with Imre Kertész Kolleg Jena is now available. The conference will form Imre Kertész Kolleg...

Registration Open for our British Academy Conference: Global Neoliberalism, 7-8 June 2018

Global Neoliberalism: Lost and Found in Translation British Academy Conference 7-8 June 2018 The University of Exeter and 1989 after...

Secret Agents and the Memory of Everyday Collaboration in Communist Eastern Europe

Professor James Mark’s co-edited volume Secret Agents and the Memory of Everyday Collaboration in Communist Eastern Europe is now available through...

The Future of the Past: Why the End of Yugoslavia is Still Important

By Ljubica Spaskovska A new socialist model is emerging in the western Balkans. Can its political vocabulary transcend the ethno-national dividing...

Writing Human Rights into the History of State Socialism

By Ned Richardson-Little The collapse of the Communist Bloc in 1989-1991 is viewed as one of the great triumphs of...

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Dr Ned Richardson-Little

Associate Research Fellow

NRLwebOriginally from Canada, Ned was awarded a B.A. (2005) and M.A. (2007) from McGill University in Montreal and a PhD from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (2013). His dissertation, “Between Dictatorship and Dissent: Ideology, Legitimacy, and Human Rights in East Germany, 1945-1990”, has been awarded the 2014 Fritz Stern Dissertation Prize by the German Historical Institute. It examined the contested politics of human rights in the former German Democratic Republic.

He is currently an Associate Research Fellow within the History Department at Exeter University.

As a “Wahlberliner”, he has an unbending affection for Hertha BSC, currywurst, and the East Berlin tram network.


1989 and the collapse of state socialism is held up as the end point of the international human rights movement and the culmination of decades of activism and diplomacy. My project seeks to complicate the triumphalist narratives of good inevitably overcoming evil, ushering in a unified global human rights culture, by examining the complexity and plurality of human rights in late socialism and the post-socialist world.

Instead of seeing the rise of human rights as a self-evident move towards Western liberal democracy, my contribution, as part of the larger 1989 after 1989 project, will examine competing conceptions of human rights within the context of the global political changes sparked by the collapse of the socialist bloc.

Areas of interest include

  • How did state-socialist conceptions of human rights develop within the Eastern Bloc and how did they influence ideas about human rights abroad?
  • How did competing human rights conceptions arise within the Eastern Bloc and how did they contribute to the breakdown of the state-socialist alternatives in the 1980s?
  • How did non-Western movements and cultures influence the evolution of human rights politics in late socialism?
  • What were the competing agendas for human rights in the transitions resulting from the events of 1989 in the post-socialist bloc and around the world?
  • How have memory and representations of state socialism influenced global human rights politics since 1989?


the breakthrough human rightsDictatorship and Dissent: Human Rights in East Germany in the 1970s, in Eckel J, Moyn S (eds) The Breakthrough: Human Rights in the 1970s, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013

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